Hunting is a practice that has been around since the dawn of humanity. It involves searching for, chasing, and capturing or killing wild animals. There are many reasons why people hunt, such as obtaining a hunting license, trophy hunting, and participating in hunting seasons. Unfortunately, some endangered species are even available for captive hunts. Several threatened and endangered animal species are advertised on captive hunting ranches.
For example, the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources lists scimitar-horned oryx and Pere David's deer as extinct in the wild; Dama gazelle and addax as critically endangered; Arabian oryx and markhor are endangered; blackbuck and bongo are near threatened; and Nubian ibex, aoudad, barasingha, mouflon, yak and European bison were vulnerable. Most hunting occurs on private land, where laws that protect wildlife are often inenforceable or difficult to enforce. On private lands that are established as for-profit game reserves or game ranches, hunters can pay to kill native and exotic species in “canned hunts”. These animals can be native to the area, raised elsewhere and brought or purchased from people who traffic unwanted animals or leftovers from zoos and circuses.
Animals are hunted and killed for the sole purpose of providing hunters with a “trophy”.Despite domestication of animals becoming relatively widespread and following the development of agriculture, hunting contributed greatly to the supply of food for humans. Trophy hunting is the selective search and killing of wild game animals to take trophies for their personal collection, show off or as a status symbol. For animals such as wolves, who mate for life and have close-knit family units, hunting can destroy entire communities. With approximately 12,000 to 13,000 hunters applying for and receiving hunting permits in recent years, there is some concern that the practice will not be sustainable. In the epic Ramayana, Rama's father Dasharatha is said to have the ability to hunt in the dark.
To regulate hunting activities, Roosevelt signed the Migratory Bird Hunting Stamp Act which requires the annual purchase of stamps by all hunters over the age of sixteen. The Chief Wildlife Guardian may also allow anyone to hunt an animal if it has become dangerous to human life or is so disabled or sick that it cannot recover. The meaning of a body of people associated with the purpose of hunting with a pack of bloodhounds was first recorded in the 1570s. Despite agriculture and livestock becoming more prevalent, hunting often remained part of human culture where the environment and social conditions allowed it. Some hunting groups promote shooting animals in the face or gut which is a terribly painful way to die. While many states have limited or banned canned game, there are no federal laws regulating this practice at this time.
In addition to the spear, hunting weapons developed during the Upper Paleolithic period include the atlatl (a spear thrower; before 30,000 years ago) and the bow (18,000 years ago). Modern regulations (see Hunting Act) distinguish lawful hunting activities from illegal poaching which involves the unauthorized and unregulated killing capture or capture of animals. Nor is it considered hunting or chasing animals without intending to kill them such as in wildlife photography bird watching or scientific research activities that involve reassuring or marking animals although green hunting is still called that. Although legally there must be fences around captive hunts animals can often and sometimes escape from these facilities. However the vast herds of bison attracted market hunters who killed dozens of bison just for their skins leaving the rest to rot.