How hunting affect wildlife?

Hunters cause injury, pain and suffering to animals that are not adapted to defend themselves against bullets, traps, and other cruel killing devices. Hunting destroys animal families and habitats, leaving behind terrified and dependent baby animals dying of hunger. Regulated hunting is one of the most effective tools that state wildlife agencies can use to address overpopulation of a species, Peterson said. It adds that, despite hunters' claims that hunting keeps wildlife populations in balance, hunter licensing rights are used to manipulate some overpopulated game species at the expense of a much larger number of non-game species, resulting in loss of biological diversity, genetic integrity and ecological balance.

Circumstances such as hibernation and migration are disrupted, forcing wildlife to adapt to abnormal situations, such as finding new environments to avoid hunting grounds. Hunting accidents destroy property and injure or kill horses, cows, dogs, cats, hikers and other hunters. DePerno added that hunters also raise millions of dollars and contribute thousands of volunteer hours to wildlife conservation through their memberships in organizations such as the National Wild Turkey Federation, Rocky Mountain Elk Foundation, Whitetails Unlimited, Pheasants Forever and Ducks Unlimited. During the period of Antiquity before the Middle Ages, hunting became a privilege for people of higher social classes.

Canned Cruelty Most hunting occurs on private land, where laws that protect wildlife are often unenforceable or difficult to enforce. Elephant poaching is thought to have increased the number of fangless animals in Africa, and in Canada, hunting has caused the horn of the bighorn sheep to decrease by 25 percent over the past 40 years. Another problem with hunting is the introduction of exotic “game animals” that, if able to escape and thrive, pose a threat to native wildlife and established ecosystems. Consequently, I want to reaffirm that when the overall picture of wildlife and natural environments is taken collectively from the standpoint of their health and well-being, hunters are among the greenest people in the nation today.

The owners do this by providing guides who are familiar with the location and habits of the animals, allowing the use of dogs and providing “feeding stations” that lure unsuspecting animals to food while hunters stalk. Although extinction often occurs due to factors such as habitat loss, hunting continues to play an important role in reducing species. Some are lost during hunts and never found, while others are released at the end of the hunting season to fend for themselves and starve or be hit by vehicles. Unless you're already an advocate for wildlife conservation, you may not realize that overhunting is a problem.

In that case, hunting is good for the environment because the hunting community ensures that the wild population of game species is sustainable from one generation to the next.

Dorothy Magni
Dorothy Magni

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