Hunting is the pursuit and killing of wild animals by people or other animals, for food or as a sport. Every year, as daylight diminishes and trees become bare, debates arise about the morality of hunting. Hunters consider the act of stalking and killing deer, ducks, moose and other quarries to be humane, necessary and natural, and therefore ethical. Critics respond that hunting is a cruel and useless act that one should be ashamed to carry out.
Hunting is the practice of chasing animals to capture or kill them to feed, recreate them or trade their products. Some groups, such as the National Wildlife Federation, the National Audubon Society, the Sierra Club, the Izaak Walton League, the Wilderness Society and the World Wildlife Fund, are in favor of or do not oppose sport hunting. If sound, the objection to harm would require defenders to oppose all three types of hunting, unless it can be shown that the animal in question will suffer greater harm if it is not hunted, for example, if it is doomed to curb winter starvation. Rapid killings are rare, and many animals suffer prolonged and painful deaths when hunters seriously injure them but do not kill them.
The development of agriculture meant that hunting was not a single means of support, but it was still sought to protect crops, flocks or herds, as well as to feed. Some hunting groups claim that by obeying laws and killing animals raised in freedom in a way that does not give humans an “undue advantage over their prey”, the activity constitutes “just persecution”. In 18th century France Louis XV was so fond of hunting that he stopped on his way home from his coronation to chase deer in the Villars-Cotterets forest. Hunting can be a component of modern wildlife management, which is sometimes used to help maintain a healthy animal population within the ecological carrying capacity of an environment.
Hunting is often called sport as a way of passing off a cruel and unnecessary killing as a healthy and socially acceptable activity. A hunter who stalks deer because he enjoys the experience and wants decorative horns may also intend to consume the meat, make pants out of the skin, and help control local deer populations. The cultural and psychological importance of hunting in ancient societies is represented by deities such as the horned god Cernunnos, or the lunar goddesses of classical antiquity, the Greek Artemis or the Roman Diana. They hunted in open deserts on both sides of the Nile Valley and sometimes animals were taken to closed reserves to be hunted there.
Assuming they are accurate, those numbers reflect a fairly considerable historical shift in hunting popularity. Nor is it considered hunting, chasing animals without the intention of killing them, such as in wildlife photography or bird watching, or hunting plants or fungi. Camouflages and disguises were used to hide the primitive hunter, who also used noodles, traps, traps, pits, decoys, baits and poisons. The hunting population, non-hunters are forced to share many wildlife refuges, national forests, state parks and other public lands with armed people who enjoy killing animals.
Those who eat farm-raised meat don't like to hunt because it makes them uncomfortable facing the reality of death, not because they care about animals.